Thursday, July 23, 2009

Dynamically generate stored procedures for Insert, update and delete on a table

Hi friends.....
This stored procedure script is very useful for generating dynamic stored procedures for insert, update and delete operations on a table.

After creating the table execute this SP with the table name as the parameter and it will automatically generate stored procedures for insert, update and delete operations on that table.

In this way u can save your precious programming time for other important work..

Happy scripting..

Copy and paste this stored procedure in your SQL server query browser and execute it..
once created you can call this with the table name as a paramater


/*-- =======================================================================================
-- Author : XYZ
-- Create date : dd/mm/yy
-- Description : Generate the Insert / Update/ Delete Stored procedure script of any table
-- by passing the table name
Exec [dbo].[sp_et_create_sps_for_table] 'et_application'

-- ========================================================================================= */
CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[sp_et_create_sps_for_table]
@tblName Varchar(50)
AS
BEGIN

Declare @dbName Varchar(50)
Declare @insertSPName Varchar(50), @updateSPName Varchar(50), @deleteSPName Varchar(50) ;
Declare @tablColumnParameters Varchar(1000), @tableColumns Varchar(1000),@tableColumnVariables Varchar(1000);
Declare @tableCols Varchar(1000), @tablinsertParameters Varchar(1000);
Declare @space Varchar(50) ;
Declare @colName Varchar(100) ;
Declare @colVariable Varchar(100) ;
Declare @colParameter Varchar(100) ;
Declare @strSpText Varchar(8000);
Declare @updCols Varchar(2000);
Declare @delParamCols Varchar(2000);
Declare @whereCols Varchar(2000);
Set @tblName = SubString(@tblName,CharIndex('.',@tblName)+1, Len(@tblName))
Set @insertSPName = '[dbo].[sp_' + lower(@tblName) +'_insert]' ;
Set @updateSPName = '[dbo].[sp_' + lower(@tblName) +'_update]' ;
Set @deleteSPName = '[dbo].[sp_' + lower(@tblName) +'_delete]' ;
Set @space = REPLICATE(' ', 4) ;
Set @tablColumnParameters = '' ;
Set @tableColumns = '' ;
Set @tableColumnVariables = '' ;
Set @strSPText = '' ;
Set @tableCols = '' ;
Set @updCols = '' ;
Set @delParamCols = '' ;
Set @whereCols = '' ;
SET NOCOUNT ON
-- Get all columns & data types for a table

-- SELECT distinct
-- sysobjects.name as 'Table',
-- syscolumns.colid ,
-- '[' + syscolumns.name + ']' as 'ColumnName',
-- '@'+syscolumns.name as 'ColumnVariable',
-- systypes.name +
-- Case When systypes.xusertype in (165,167,175,231,239 ) Then '(' + Convert(varchar(10),Case When syscolumns.length=-1 Then 4000 else syscolumns.length end) +')' Else '' end as 'DataType' ,
-- '@'+syscolumns.name + ' ' + systypes.name +
-- Case When systypes.xusertype in (165,167,175,231,239 ) Then '(' + Convert(varchar(10),Case When syscolumns.length=-1 Then 4000 else syscolumns.length end) +')' Else '' end as 'ColumnParameter'
-- Into #tmp_Structure
-- From sysobjects , syscolumns , systypes
-- Where sysobjects.id = syscolumns.id
-- and syscolumns.xusertype = systypes.xusertype
-- and sysobjects.xtype = 'u'
-- and sysobjects.name = @tblName
-- and syscolumns.name!=(SELECT
-- c.name AS ColumnName
-- FROM sys.columns AS c
-- INNER JOIN
-- sys.tables AS t
-- ON t.[object_id] = c.[object_id]
-- where c.is_identity = 1
-- and t.name=@tblName)
-- Order by syscolumns.colid


-- SELECT distinct
-- sysobjects.name as 'Table',
-- syscolumns.colid ,
-- '[' + syscolumns.name + ']' as 'ColumnName',
-- '@'+syscolumns.name as 'ColumnVariable',
-- systypes.name +
-- Case When systypes.xusertype in (165,167,175,231,239 ) Then '(' + Convert(varchar(10),Case When syscolumns.length=-1 Then 4000 else syscolumns.length end) +')' Else '' end as 'DataType' ,
-- '@'+syscolumns.name + ' ' + systypes.name +
-- Case When systypes.xusertype in (165,167,175,231,239 ) Then '(' + Convert(varchar(10),Case When syscolumns.length=-1 Then 4000 else syscolumns.length end) +')' Else '' end as 'ColumnParameter'
-- Into #tmp_Structure
-- From sysobjects , syscolumns , systypes
-- Where sysobjects.id = syscolumns.id
-- and syscolumns.xusertype = systypes.xusertype
-- and sysobjects.xtype = 'u'
-- and sysobjects.name = @tblName
-- Order by syscolumns.colid




-- Get all Primary KEY columns & data types for a table
SELECT t.name as 'Table',
c.colid ,
'[' + c.name + ']' as 'ColumnName',
'@'+c.name as 'ColumnVariable',
systypes.name +
Case When systypes.xusertype in (165,167,175,231,239 ) Then '(' + Convert(varchar(10),c.length) +')' Else '' end as 'DataType' ,
'@'+c.name + ' ' + systypes.name +
Case When systypes.xusertype in (165,167,175,231,239 ) Then '(' + Convert(varchar(10),c.length) +')' Else '' end as 'ColumnParameter'
Into #tmp_PK_Structure
FROM sysindexes i, sysobjects t, sysindexkeys k, syscolumns c, systypes
WHERE i.id = t.id AND
i.indid = k.indid AND i.id = k.ID And
c.id = t.id AND c.colid = k.colid AND
i.indid BETWEEN 1 And 254 AND
c.xusertype = systypes.xusertype AND
(i.status & 2048) = 2048 AND t.id = OBJECT_ID(@tblName)



--if exists(select * from #tmp_PK_Structure)
--BEGIN
--print 'y'
SELECT distinct
sysobjects.name as 'Table',
syscolumns.colid ,
'[' + syscolumns.name + ']' as 'ColumnName',
'@'+syscolumns.name as 'ColumnVariable',
systypes.name +
Case When systypes.xusertype in (165,167,175,231,239 ) Then '(' + Convert(varchar(10),Case When syscolumns.length=-1 Then 4000 else syscolumns.length end) +')' Else '' end as 'DataType' ,
'@'+syscolumns.name + ' ' + systypes.name +
Case When systypes.xusertype in (165,167,175,231,239 ) Then '(' + Convert(varchar(10),Case When syscolumns.length=-1 Then 4000 else syscolumns.length end) +')' Else '' end as 'ColumnParameter'
Into #tmp_Structure
From sysobjects , syscolumns , systypes
Where sysobjects.id = syscolumns.id
and syscolumns.xusertype = systypes.xusertype
and sysobjects.xtype = 'u'
and sysobjects.name = @tblName
and syscolumns.name!=(SELECT
c.name AS ColumnName
FROM sys.columns AS c
INNER JOIN
sys.tables AS t
ON t.[object_id] = c.[object_id]
where c.is_identity = 1
and t.name=@tblName)
Order by syscolumns.colid

--END
--ELSe
--BEGIN
--print 'n'
SELECT distinct
sysobjects.name as 'Table',
syscolumns.colid ,
'[' + syscolumns.name + ']' as 'ColumnName',
'@'+syscolumns.name as 'ColumnVariable',
systypes.name +
Case When systypes.xusertype in (165,167,175,231,239 ) Then '(' + Convert(varchar(10),Case When syscolumns.length=-1 Then 4000 else syscolumns.length end) +')' Else '' end as 'DataType' ,
'@'+syscolumns.name + ' ' + systypes.name +
Case When systypes.xusertype in (165,167,175,231,239 ) Then '(' + Convert(varchar(10),Case When syscolumns.length=-1 Then 4000 else syscolumns.length end) +')' Else '' end as 'ColumnParameter'
Into #tmp_Structure1
From sysobjects , syscolumns , systypes
Where sysobjects.id = syscolumns.id
and syscolumns.xusertype = systypes.xusertype
and sysobjects.xtype = 'u'
and sysobjects.name = @tblName
Order by syscolumns.colid
--END

/* Read the table structure and populate variables*/
Declare SpText_Cursor Cursor For
Select ColumnName, ColumnVariable, ColumnParameter
From #tmp_Structure

Open SpText_Cursor

Fetch Next From SpText_Cursor Into @colName, @colVariable, @colParameter
While @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
Begin
Set @tableColumns = @tableColumns + @colName + CHAR(13) + @space + @space + ',' ;
Set @tablColumnParameters = @tablColumnParameters + @colParameter + CHAR(13) + @space + ',' ;
Set @tableColumnVariables = @tableColumnVariables + @colVariable + CHAR(13) + @space + @space + ',' ;
Set @tableCols = @tableCols + @colName + ',' ;
Set @updCols = @updCols + @colName + ' = ' + @colVariable + CHAR(13) + @space + @space + ',' ;
Fetch Next From SpText_Cursor Into @colName, @colVariable, @colParameter
End

Close SpText_Cursor
Deallocate SpText_Cursor

/* for update parameter*/

if exists(select * from #tmp_PK_Structure)
BEGIN
Set @tablinsertParameters=''
Declare SpText_Cursor1 Cursor For
Select ColumnParameter
From #tmp_Structure1

Open SpText_Cursor1

Fetch Next From SpText_Cursor1 Into @colParameter
While @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
Begin

Set @tablinsertParameters = @tablinsertParameters + @colParameter + CHAR(13) + @space + ',' ;
Fetch Next From SpText_Cursor1 Into @colParameter
End

Close SpText_Cursor1
Deallocate SpText_Cursor1
END
/*end for update parameter*/

/* Read the Primary Keys from the table and populate variables*/
Declare SpPKText_Cursor Cursor For
Select ColumnName, ColumnVariable, ColumnParameter
From #tmp_PK_Structure

Open SpPKText_Cursor

Fetch Next From SpPKText_Cursor Into @colName, @colVariable, @colParameter
While @@FETCH_STATUS = 0
Begin
Set @delParamCols = @delParamCols + @colParameter + CHAR(13) + @space + ',' ;
Set @whereCols = @whereCols + @colName + ' = ' + @colVariable + ' AND ' ;
Fetch Next From SpPKText_Cursor Into @colName, @colVariable, @colParameter
End

Close SpPKText_Cursor
Deallocate SpPKText_Cursor


If (LEN(@tablinsertParameters)>0)
Set @tablinsertParameters = LEFT(@tablinsertParameters,LEN(@tablinsertParameters)-1) ;

-- Stored procedure scripts starts here
If (LEN(@tablColumnParameters)>0)
Begin
Set @tablColumnParameters = LEFT(@tablColumnParameters,LEN(@tablColumnParameters)-1) ;
Set @tableColumnVariables = LEFT(@tableColumnVariables,LEN(@tableColumnVariables)-1) ;
Set @tableColumns = LEFT(@tableColumns,LEN(@tableColumns)-1) ;
Set @tableCols = LEFT(@tableCols,LEN(@tableCols)-1) ;
Set @updCols = LEFT(@updCols,LEN(@updCols)-1) ;

If (LEN(@whereCols)>0)
Begin
Set @whereCols = 'WHERE ' + LEFT(@whereCols,LEN(@whereCols)-4) ;
Set @delParamCols = LEFT(@delParamCols,LEN(@delParamCols)-1) ;
End

/* Create INSERT stored procedure for the table if it does not exist */
IF Not EXISTS (SELECT * FROM dbo.sysobjects WHERE id = OBJECT_ID(@insertSPName) AND OBJECTPROPERTY(id,N'IsProcedure') = 1)
Begin
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + ''
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '/*-- ============================================='
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '-- Author : dbo'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '-- Create date : ' + Convert(varchar(20),Getdate())
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '-- Description : Insert Procedure for ' + @tblName
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '-- Exec ' + @insertSPName + ' ' + @tableCols
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '-- ============================================= */'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + 'CREATE PROCEDURE ' + @insertSPName

if exists(select * from #tmp_PK_Structure)
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + ' ' + @tablColumnParameters
else
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + ' ' + @tablinsertParameters

Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + 'AS'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + 'BEGIN'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + ''
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + 'INSERT INTO [dbo].['+@tblName +']'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + '( '
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + @space + ' ' + @tableColumns
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + ')'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + 'VALUES'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + '('
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + @space + ' ' + @tableColumnVariables
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + ')'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + 'END'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + ''
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + ''
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + ''
--Print @strSPText ;
--print
Exec(@strSPText);

if (@@ERROR=0)
Print 'Procedure ' + @insertSPName + ' Created Successfully '
End
Else
Begin
Print 'Sorry!! ' + @insertSPName + ' Already exists in the database. '
End
/* Create UPDATE stored procedure for the table if it does not exist */
IF Not EXISTS (SELECT * FROM dbo.sysobjects WHERE id = OBJECT_ID(@updateSPName) AND OBJECTPROPERTY(id,N'IsProcedure') = 1)
Begin
Set @strSPText = ''
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '/*-- ============================================='
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '-- Author : dbo'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '-- Create date : ' + Convert(varchar(20),Getdate())
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '-- Description : Update Procedure for ' + @tblName
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '-- Exec ' + @updateSPName + ' ' + @tableCols
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '-- ============================================= */'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + 'CREATE PROCEDURE ' + @updateSPName


if exists(select * from #tmp_PK_Structure)
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + ' ' + @tablinsertParameters
else
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + ' ' + @tablColumnParameters
--Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + ' ' + @tablColumnParameters

Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + 'AS'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + 'BEGIN'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + ''
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + 'UPDATE [dbo].['+@tblName +']'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + 'SET '
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + @space + ' ' + @updCols
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + @whereCols
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + ''
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + 'END'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + ''
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + ''
--Print @strSPText ;
Exec(@strSPText);

if (@@ERROR=0)
Print 'Procedure ' + @updateSPName + ' Created Successfully '
End
Else
Begin
Print 'Sorry!! ' + @updateSPName + ' Already exists in the database. '
End
/* Create DELETE stored procedure for the table if it does not exist */
IF Not EXISTS (SELECT * FROM dbo.sysobjects WHERE id = OBJECT_ID(@deleteSPName) AND OBJECTPROPERTY(id,N'IsProcedure') = 1)
Begin
Set @strSPText = ''
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '/*-- ============================================='
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '-- Author : dbo'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '-- Create date : ' + Convert(varchar(20),Getdate())
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '-- Description : Delete Procedure for ' + @tblName
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '-- Exec ' + @deleteSPName + ' ' + @delParamCols
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + '-- ============================================= */'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + 'CREATE PROCEDURE ' + @deleteSPName
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + ' ' + @delParamCols
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + 'AS'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + 'BEGIN'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + ''
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + 'DELETE FROM [dbo].['+@tblName +']'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + @space + @whereCols
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + ''
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + 'END'
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + ''
Set @strSPText = @strSPText + CHAR(13) + ''
--Print @strSPText ;
Exec(@strSPText);

if (@@ERROR=0)
Print 'Procedure ' + @deleteSPName + ' Created Successfully '
End
Else
Begin
Print 'Sorry!! ' + @deleteSPName + ' Already exists in the database. '
End
End
Drop table #tmp_Structure
Drop table #tmp_Structure1
Drop table #tmp_PK_Structure
END

4 comments:

Phi said...

Hi, I have problem with my Table name "Test"

ID (PK) int (unidentity)
Name nvarchar (50)
CreateDate datetime
CreateBy varchar (50)
Status bit

I run this sp: Exec [dbo].[sp_et_create_sps_for_table] 'Test' and get this messages:"Command(s) completed successfully."
But I get no stored procedures for Insert, Update, Delete for this Table.
I try to change ID column properties to Is Identity. Then, I run Exec [dbo].[sp_et_create_sps_for_table] 'Test' again,
and it's ok.

Please tell me what happen if my ID column property is unidentity? Thanks!

Blog Admin said...

Hi..
Actually here identity column is a reference column for performing all the operations, and you want to have unidentity then u need to change the inner process to build SPs also.

you can yourself modify the inner process for unidentity primary key.

Regards

Phạm Hoàng said...

Thank for share. It is very useful for the developers. But I can not use with column ID has data type is nvarchar(20). Please, help me. Thank you!

Naviya Nair said...

Great Article
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